What is Ransomware? How It Works and How to Remove It?

ransomware

Last updated on November 1st, 2018 at 3:46 am

Ever since the computer is introduced to us, the way everything around us operates has been completely changed. For most of the part, it has been extremely good, but it also has brought some unwanted and unpleasant scenarios as well. While computers are being used for pretty much every purpose, we now have millions of computers all around the world. Well, there’s a darker side to this phenomenon, which is the aspect of cyber attacks. Even though digital threats are nothing new to us, but recently they’ve been growing stronger with exponential pace. The latest threat that shook the digital world is ransomware, especially popularized by the ‘wannacry’ attack. Thousands of people have become victim to this ransomware attack. To know what is ransomware and other related information, keep on reading.

What is Ransomware?

Ransomware is a type of malicious software, which is also shortly known as malware. It attacks vulnerable computers and gets access to all the files in the devices. After achieving access, it then encrypts those files and demands money as ransom from the device owner. Unless the person pays the ransom amount, the computer will stay in locked mode, making it impossible to access your data. Let’s have a look at some of the popular ransomware types:

what is ransomware

Image Source: condecdn.net

Also Read: Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS): Subscription Based Ransomware Attack Model from Dark Web

  • Scareware: Well, you don’t really have to be scared just because it has the term ‘scare’ in its name. Basically, it’s a fake program that claims itself to be a genuine security program. It then offers you assistance in fixing various types of system issues. If you accept the offer you’ll be asked to pay subscription fee. If you still proceed with that, you will just lose money and nothing gets fixed. To be precise, it’s just a scamming method. This type of ransomware is deployed through pop-up, which if you ignore, you’ll be just fine.
scareware

Image Source: fraudwatchinternational.com

  • Doxware: Now, we move to the next level of ransomware threats, which is Doxware, alternatively known as leakware. If your device is infected with this type of malicious software, you’re almost doomed. As we all store confidential and personal files on our devices, doxware, after attacking your computer, threatens to leak your information unless you pay ransom money.
doxware

Image Source: thewindowsclubco

Also Read: The 10 Best Cybersecurity Tips for Businesses

  • Encrypting Ransomware: This is the most lethal form you can get from ransomware. Many famous cyber attacks come under this category, as they’ve bamboozled a lot of people around the world. Basically, hackers use this attack method to get hold of a device and then to encrypt it completely. Unless you pay the demanded amount of money as ransom, you can’t get access to your device and files in it. It is as dangerous as it gets if you’ve fallen victim to this category.
wannacry ransomware

Image Source: computerworlduk.com

How does Ransomware work?

As discussed above, a ransomware program attacks your computer and then encrypts the data in it. You can get access to your files only if you pay the ransom money. So, to understand the process of how it works in a better way, let’s have a look at some of the key steps involved in the attack:

how it works

Image Source: trendmicro.com

  • Generally, it all starts with the deployment of the malware into your device, either through an e-mail, pop-up, or any other source.
  • When the user clicks on the source, which is disguised as an important item, a redirection to a new landing page takes place.
  • Once the website redirection happens, the server hosting the ransomware begins communicating with your device.
  • As soon as a vulnerability is found in the victims’ computer, the malware file download begins.
  • The final step involves the encryption of the victim’s files and information, after which a message appears with payment details.

Also Read: How AI and Machine Learning Are Redefining Cybersecurity

How to remove Ransomware from your device?

Ransomware not only attacks corporate computers, but also targets commoners like you and me. Once attacked, it’s very difficult to get rid of it. As they say, prevention is better than cure. If you want to be safe and secure, you must follow several precautionary measures. Here are a few things that you should do:

  • Never click on random links and suspicious emails.
  • Try to download any type of files from only official websites.
  • Don’t use pirated websites and services to download files.

If you’ve been attacked by ransomware, you should install anti-ransomware software to get rid of the malicious program. But, there’s no 100% guarantee that a security program will help you in such instances. It’s better to use a security software beforehand, so that it will prevent any type of attacks taking place.

Final Verdict

Now, you must be aware of what is ransomware and how it works. As you’ve also learnt how to prevent and remove it, now it’s time for you to take precautionary measure to stay safe. Download and start using a reputed anti-ransomware software to avoid any type of future attacks.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Popular Post

Recent Post

How Software Development is need of the hour for the Healthcare Industry

By TechCommuters / October 22, 2021

The use of computerized innovation in the medical services area has changed significantly all through the world. Consolidating software with healthcare services is so useful to the clinical area that it resembles joining two of the most impressive energies into one. As displayed during this frightful pandemic, ongoing enhancements in healthcare software can assist with […]

Your Mac Lags After the macOS Monterey Update? Here’s What to Do

By TechCommuters / October 22, 2021

If you have just upgraded your macOS Monterey 12 to find your Mac is also lagging, getting stuck, or running slow, you have come to the right place. Here we will discuss quick troubleshooting tips to get your Mac back on track. Before we get into details, let us try to understand the root of […]

RecoverXData Recovery Review

By TechCommuters / October 21, 2021

Data is essential for all; be it a home user or professional, all want to keep their data safe. However, due to unforeseen situations, primarily due to human error, we lose important data. This is when data recovery tools come to play. Using them, you can get deleted or missing files back. But with so […]

Fix – Windows 11 Bluetooth Not Working

By TechCommuters / October 18, 2021

Is Bluetooth on Windows 11 giving issues? You have come to the right place. In this post, we will discuss how to fix Windows 11 Bluetooth not working. Generally, the Bluetooth problems are caused due to some software issues, but they can also be related to hardware malfunctioning. Therefore, before we get into details, let […]

How to Reset Network Settings on Windows 11

By TechCommuters / October 16, 2021

Are you facing connectivity issues? Follow these instructions to reset network settings on your Windows 11 and fix the connectivity problems. The network settings on the PC manages internet connectivity. However, in some cases, due to outdated network adapters and incompatible configuration issues like slow connection and dropped connection, no wireless connectivity occurs. If you […]

Bitdefender Internet Security Review

By TechCommuters / October 15, 2021

As the cybersecurity needs of users are growing, Bitdefender has come up with comprehensive Internet security software that is designed to keep you safe 24/7. Bitdefender Internet Security is a one-stop solution for all your security needs. We’ve got a chance to test this powerful tool and to check its compatibility with other security solutions […]

How to Uninstall Cortana from Windows 11

By TechCommuters / October 13, 2021

Is Microsoft’s digital assistant bothering you? Do you want to uninstall it? You’ve come to the right place; here, we will explain removing Cortana on Windows 11. Although Microsoft doesn’t give a straightforward way to uninstall it, there are still ways. Why Uninstall Cortana? It is not like Microsoft’s cloud-based digital assistant; Cortana takes too […]

Seven Best-Hidden Spy Apps For Students

By TechCommuters / October 11, 2021

Technology is advancing at an alarming rate, with most people jumping onto the new trend without fully understanding what these advancements entail or the consequences. It is also a widely known fact that many people do not read the terms and conditions of the new apps. So, the following seven apps will help you keep […]

Top 5 Best Apps to Boost Your Academic Writing Skills

By TechCommuters / October 11, 2021

Most students find it hard to write a comprehensive academic essay within the given timeframe. It becomes quite challenging and equally stressful to complete the assigned task, especially when the deadline is near. However, there are certainapps for writing essaysthat will help you deliver top-quality assignments. Best Essay Writing Apps to Improve Writing Skills There […]

What is brand risk protection and why does it matter?

By TechCommuters / October 6, 2021

Today’s security professionals have become familiar with the idea that every organization has an attack surface that describes its global exposure to threats against internal and cloud applications, devices, users, and data.  The attack surface grows as greater connectivity, cloud applications and myriad new types of device are adopted as an organization expands its digital […]

How to Keep Yourself & Your Devices Safe Online

By TechCommuters / October 1, 2021

Worldwide, more and more people are doing what they can to protect themselves and their data. Considering we live in a world that is so connected, with everything from work to our social lives and entertainment happening online, protection is a must. Staying safe online isn’t as difficult as you think either; it just requires […]

How To Join a FaceTime Call From an Android or Windows Web

By TechCommuters / September 26, 2021

Finally, iOS 15 is now available to download, and it has brought many surprises along. The biggest iOS 15 surprise is that now Apple users can FaceTime with non-Apple users. Yep, you no longer need to use Zoom or Microsoft Teams to make video calls. Instead, Apple has allowed people to join a FaceTime call […]

How to Use VPN on Synology NAS

By TechCommuters / September 25, 2021

We all want to secure our remote access for daily needs & projects. But how to get it done is a big question. Using a VPN this problem can be easily solved as it creates an encrypted tunnel to secure network connection.  Acronym for Virtual Private Network (VPN) hides IP addresses allowing users to navigate […]

5 Best Lead Generation Software for 2021

By TechCommuters / September 22, 2021

Are you looking for the best lead generation software? Then don’t look for the tool that can boost your sales or customer base. In fact, search for the tool that can integrate your CRM software for better KPIs and analytics. Lead capture software can do a lot more than improving your sales or traffic. It […]

5 Best Label Designing and Printing Software in 2021

By TechCommuters / September 19, 2021

Be it product branding or marketing; labels play a significant role in selling a product. In fact, the label helps to distinguish your products from others.  Therefore, the designing and printing of your product label need to be perfect. And for this, we will talk about the best 5 label designing and printing software in […]